Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, right on the border of North and South Carolina. As a boy, he was a messenger for the Continental Army. The British caught him and mistreated him.
He was the first U.S. President who was not born into a rich family. He was not a rich man and did not have a college education. He moved to Tennessee and became a politician. In 1791, he fell in love with Rachel Donelson Jackson. They went through a marriage ceremony. However, the marriage was not legal because she had not been granted a divorce from her first husband. Therefore, they married legally three years later. They had no children, but they adopted several. He became rich and owned a large plantation. In the 1790s Jackson was a member of the United States House of Representatives, the United States Senate, and the Supreme Court of Tennessee. In the 1800s he commanded the Tennessee Militia and fought Indians. During the War of 1812, he became a general and won the Battle of New Orleans which made him very famous. In 1823 he returned to the Senate.
Andrew Jackson reorganized the Democratic Party and was its leader. He invented a new vision called “Jacksonian Democracy”. He supporters were called “Jacksonians”. After failing to win a complicated election in 1824, he defeated John Quincy Adams in a rematch Presidential Election (in 1828). He became President on March 4, 1829, and four years later he was re-elected to a second term as President. In 1832, South Carolina declared secession from the United States. Jackson threatened war, and then compromised. Interestingly enough, he was the first President to have an assassination attempt. Morally, Jackson was not a very good man. He was described as wild and signed the Indian Removal Act, which allowed the U.S. government to violently force the Native Americans to move from their land and go west. Many died on the way. Jackson was also a supporter of slavery. He was, however, known as a large supporter of “the common man”, as he really helped the middle and lower class of America by some of his policies. He didn’t believe in the national bank because he felt it was only benefiting the rich and taking away from the poor. The economy was good during Jackson’s Presidency and many liked him. Lastly, he said many tumultuous and controversial things, making some people offended and not take him seriously. Overall, Andrew Jackson is disputed by historians. He helped the economy of America and helped people that didn’t have much affluence. But, he was unkind to every race but white people. Andrew Jackson will always be an enigma.
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