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Luke Smith
Mar 31, 2021
In DIY Forum
Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, right on the border of North and South Carolina. As a boy, he was a messenger for the Continental Army. The British caught him and mistreated him. He was the first U.S. President who was not born into a rich family. He was not a rich man and did not have a college education. He moved to Tennessee and became a politician. In 1791, he fell in love with Rachel Donelson Jackson. They went through a marriage ceremony. However, the marriage was not legal because she had not been granted a divorce from her first husband. Therefore, they married legally three years later. They had no children, but they adopted several. He became rich and owned a large plantation. In the 1790s Jackson was a member of the United States House of Representatives, the United States Senate, and the Supreme Court of Tennessee. In the 1800s he commanded the Tennessee Militia and fought Indians. During the War of 1812, he became a general and won the Battle of New Orleans which made him very famous. In 1823 he returned to the Senate. Andrew Jackson reorganized the Democratic Party and was its leader. He invented a new vision called “Jacksonian Democracy”. He supporters were called “Jacksonians”. After failing to win a complicated election in 1824, he defeated John Quincy Adams in a rematch Presidential Election (in 1828). He became President on March 4, 1829, and four years later he was re-elected to a second term as President. In 1832, South Carolina declared secession from the United States. Jackson threatened war, and then compromised. Interestingly enough, he was the first President to have an assassination attempt. Morally, Jackson was not a very good man. He was described as wild and signed the Indian Removal Act, which allowed the U.S. government to violently force the Native Americans to move from their land and go west. Many died on the way. Jackson was also a supporter of slavery. He was, however, known as a large supporter of “the common man”, as he really helped the middle and lower class of America by some of his policies. He didn’t believe in the national bank because he felt it was only benefiting the rich and taking away from the poor. The economy was good during Jackson’s Presidency and many liked him. Lastly, he said many tumultuous and controversial things, making some people offended and not take him seriously. Overall, Andrew Jackson is disputed by historians. He helped the economy of America and helped people that didn’t have much affluence. But, he was unkind to every race but white people. Andrew Jackson will always be an enigma. Check out our worksheet for this under "Cheap Worksheets".
The Story Andrew Jackson; A Colorful Character content media
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Luke Smith
Mar 31, 2021
In DIY Forum
John Quincy Adams, the son of the 2nd President of The United States, John Adams, had a very interesting political career. After watching his father become the first Vice President and eventually second President, JQA wanted to follow in his father’s footsteps. However, he did not have an easy path getting there. His dad was a federalist, and he was a whig. You may be surprised to learn that they belonged to different parties, but the Whig Party was just an evolved version of the Federalist Party (basically the same thing). The Whig Party (many years later) evolved into the Republican Party, with only slight changes made. Anyway, the road started off easy for JQA, as he was easily elected to many offices leading up to 1824 (was a minister to many countries, then a member of the Senate, and next the House of Representatives). His last office before running for (and winning) the Presidency was when he was the Secretary of State for almost all of James Monroe’s eight years in office (1817-1825). John Quincy Adams felt that he had enough experience to win the Presidency, and ran in 1824. This was probably the worst year in US history to run for President. It was loaded with many candidates that had equally large fanbases. At the end, four main candidates emerged (Henry Clay, William H. Crawford, Andrew Jackson, and John Quincy Adams). Andrew Jackson, a man with a completely new perspective on everything (Jacksonian Democracy) won both the electoral vote and the popular vote). However, it is required that a person wins a certain amount of electoral voted to win the Presidency. This number has changed over time due to the ever-changing population and landmass of the US, but at this time you needed 113 electoral votes to win. Because of how evenly spit the four candidates were, even Jackson couldn’t get this many votes (he received 99). JQA, on the other hand, came in second place as far as electoral votes and the popular vote (he received 81 electoral votes and 11% less of the popular vote than Jackson). This is what is called a contingent election. The congress now had to choose who they thought was best suited to be President. They chose John Quincy Adams, and he was inaugurated on March 4, 1825 (making him the 6th President). He was the only President ever to lose both the popular and electoral vote, and still be elected President. *Check out our worksheet for this article under "Cheap Worksheets". FUN FACTS: -In the next election (1829) Jackson beat JQA and became President, eventually serving the full eight years. -JQA and Jackson both had the same running mate for Vice President in 1824 (John C. Calhoun). -26.9% of Americans voted in this election. -JQA’s dad, John Adams, died while his son was in office (on July 4, 1826, the same day as Thomas Jefferson). -It was pretty ironic how contested and intense this election was, because James Monroe ran completely unopposed in the previous election (1820). -JQA was the first President to be photographed.
John Quincy Adams and the Strangest Path to the Presidency Ever content media
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Luke Smith
Mar 30, 2021
In DIY Forum
George Washington was a war general for a country called "British America". Spoiler alert; it would later become the United States. Once everybody got tired of Great Britain ruling over this country, they decided to fight them. Even though fighting is bad, somebody needed to stop the mean policies put in place by Britain. Britain was selfish and didn't really care about what the Americans wanted. In heroic fashion, George Washington led his country to a victory, and they declared independence (on July 4, 1776). Later, hey renamed the country "The United States of America". Because everybody was so happy with what George Washington accomplished, they wanted him to be King. However, a king rules over a country, having all of the power. Washington thought this was too harsh of a position, so he chose to be the President. The president has less power and lets the people decide more on what to do. This was an amazing example of being humble. Because of George Washington, we all have a say in how to make our country better. George was married to Martha Washington, and eventually died in 1799. See our worksheet for this article under "Cheap Worksheets". Vocab: General- a commander of an army, or an army officer of very high rank Policies- an overall plan, principle, or guideline Independence- freedom from control or influence of another or others King- the male ruler of an independent state, especially one who inherits the position by right of birth President- the highest executive officer of a modern republic Humble- having or showing a modest or low estimate of one's own importance *Definitions powered by Oxford Dictionaries, Merriam-Webster, Audio English, and Dictionary.com
Who was George Washington? content media
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